2. Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)?

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This field includes studies that focus on what motivates creators (e.g. attribution, control, remuneration, time allocation, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation). Among others, the papers included under this category connect to the literature on labour markets and earnings, and the production of culture literature (e.g. linking rules on adaptation, sampling, co-authorship to aesthetic outcomes).

Fundamental Issues
  • 2. Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)? (115)

2. Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)? is a fundamental issue defined within the Copyright Evidence wiki.

The following studies involve this issue (115):

Ahn and Yooney (2008)Ahn, Illtae, and Kiho Yoon. On the impact of digital music distribution. CESifo Economic Studies 55.2 (2009): 306-325.
Akerlof, Hahn and Litan (2002)Akerlof, G. A., Arrow, K. J., Bresnahan, T., Buchanan, J. M., Coase, R., Cohen, L. R. & Hemphill, C. S. (2002). The copyright term extension act of 1998: An economic analysis. Washington DC: AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies.
Arai and Kinukawa (2014)Arai, Y. and Kinukawa, S., 2014. Copyright infringement as user innovation. Journal of Cultural Economics, 38(2), pp.131-144.
Aufderheide and Jaszi (2004)Aufderheide, P., & Jaszi, P. (2004). Untold stories: Creative consequences of the rights clearance culture for documentary filmmakers.
Aufderheide and Sinnreich (2015)Aufderheide, P., & Sinnreich, A. (2015). Documentarians, fair use, and free expression: changes in copyright attitudes and actions with access to best practices. Information, Communication & Society, (ahead-of-print), 1-10.
Azoulay, Graff Zivin and Manso (2009)Azoulay, P., Graff Zivin, J. S., & Manso, G. (2011). Incentives and creativity: evidence from the academic life sciences. The RAND Journal of Economics, 42(3), 527-554.
Balganesh, Manta and Wilkinson-Ryan (2014)Balganesh, S., Manta, I., & Wilkinson-Ryan, T. (2014). Judging similarity. 100 Iowa Law Review 267; University of Pennsylvania Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-15; Hofstra Univ. Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-09. Available at SSRN 2409811.
Band and Gerafi (2013)Band, J. & Gerafi, J. (2013). Foreign ownership of firms in IP intensive industries. Policy Bandwidth. Available at SSRN 2333839.
Banerjee, Banerjee and Raychaudhuri (2008)Banerjee, Dyuti S., and Ajitava Raychaudhuri. OPTIMAL ENFORCEMENT AND ANTI‐COPYING STRATEGIES TO COUNTER COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT. Japanese Economic Review 59.4 (2008): 519-535.
Banks and Humphreys (2008)Banks, J., & Humphreys, S. (2008). The Labour of User Co-Creators Emergent Social Network Markets?. Convergence: the International Journal of research into New Media technologies, 14(4), 401-418.
Bechtold (2013)Bechtold, S., 2013. The fashion of TV show formats.
Belleflamme (2002)Belleflamme, Paul. Pricing information goods in the presence of copying. U of London Queen Mary Economics Working Paper 463 (2002).
Belleflamme, Omrani and Peitz (2015)Belleflamme, P., Omrani, N. and Peitz, M., 2015. The economics of crowdfunding platforms. Information Economics and Policy, 33, pp.11-28.
Boldrin and Levine (2005)Boldrin, M., & Levine, D. K. (2005). Intellectual property and the efficient allocation of social surplus from creation. Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues, 2(1), 45-67.
Breyer (1970)Breyer, S., 1970. The uneasy case for copyright: A study of copyright in books, photocopies, and computer programs. Harvard Law Review, pp.281-351.
Buccafusco (2012)Buccafusco, C. J. (2012). Making Sense of Intellectual Property Law. Cornell Law Review, 97, 501.
Buccafusco and Springman (2010)Buccafusco, C. J., & Sprigman, C. J. (2010). Valuing Intellectual Property: An Experiment. Cornell Law Review.
Buccafusco, Burns, Fromer and Sprigman (2014)Buccafusco, C. J., Burns, Z. C., Fromer, J. C., & Sprigman, C. J. (2014). Experimental Tests of Intellectual Property Laws’ Creativity Thresholds. Texas Law Review, 93, 1921.
Cameron and Bazelon (2013)Cameron, L., & Bazelon, C. (2013). The impact of digitization on business models in copyright driven industries: a review of economic issues. Brattle Groupe paper prepared for the US National Research Council, available at: http://sites.nationalacademies.org/cs/groups/pgasite/documents/webpage/pga_063398.pdf.
Cantatore (2014)Cantatore, F. (2014). From vault to honesty box: Australian authors and the changing face of copyright. Bond Law Review, 25(1), 5.
Carrier (2012)Carrier, M. A. (2012). Copyright and innovation: The untold story. Wisconsin Law Review 891. Available at SSRN 2099876
Castañer and Campos (2002)Castañer, X. and Campos, L., 2002. The determinants of artistic innovation: Bringing in the role of organizations. Journal of Cultural Economics, 26(1), pp.29-52.
Centre for Intellectual Property and Information Law (2006)Centre for intellectual property and information law. (2006). Review of the Economic Evidence Relating to an Extension of the Term of Copyright in Sound Recordings. University of Cambridge
Charness and Daniela (2014)Charness, G., & Grieco, D. (2014). Creativity and Financial Incentives.
Cheliotis (2007)Cheliotis, G. (2007). Remix culture: an empirical analysis of creative reuse and the licensing of digital media in online communities.
Chiang and Assane (2002)Chiang, E., & Assane, D. (2002). Software copyright infringement among college students. Applied Economics, 34(2), 157-166.
David (1993)David, P. A. 1993. “Intellectual Property Institutions and the Panda’ s Thumb: Patents , Copyrights and Trade Secrets in Economic Theory and History”, in M. Wallerstein, M. Mogee and R. Schoen (eds .), Global Dimensions of Intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology . Washington DC: National Academy Press; 19-61.
DiCola (2013)DiCola, P. (2013). Money from Music: Survey Evidence on Musicians' Revenue and Lessons About Copyright Incentives. Ariz. L. Rev., 55, 301.
Djekic and Loebbecke (2005)DJEKIC, P. and LOEBBECKE, C. 2005. Software piracy prevention through digital rights management systems. In: MULLER, G. and LIN, K. J. (eds.) CEC 2005: Seventh IEEE International Conference on E-Commerce Technology, Proceedings. Munich, Germany.
Dobusch and Quack (2012)Dobusch, L., & Quack, S. (2013). Framing standards, mobilizing users: Copyright versus fair use in transnational regulation. Review of International Political Economy, 20(1), 52-88.
Durham, Hirshleifer, Smith (1998)Durham, Yvonne, Jack Hirshleifer, and Vernon L. Smith. Do the rich get richer and the poor poorer? Experimental tests of a model of power. The American Economic Review 88.4 (1998): 970-983.
Edwards, Klein, Lee, Moss and Philip (2015)Edwards, L., Klein, B., Lee, D., Moss, G., & Philip, F. (2015). Discourse, justification and critique: towards a legitimate digital copyright regime?. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 21(1), 60-77.
Erickson, Heald, Homberg, Kretschmer and Mendis (2015)Erickson, K., Heald, P. J., Homberg, F., Kretschmer, M., & Mendis, D. (2015). Copyright and the Value of the Public Domain: An Empirical Assessment. Intellectual Property Office Research Paper.
Erickson, Kretschmer and Mendis (2013)Erickson, K., Kretschmer, M., & Mendis, D. (2013). Copyright and the Economic Effects of Parody: An Empirical Study of Music Videos on the YouTube Platform and an Assessment of the Regulatory Options. Intellectual Property Office Research Paper, (2013/24).
European Commission (2011a)Report on the Implementation and Effect of the Resale Right Directive (2001/84/EC), European Commission (2011), available at
European Commission (2013)European Commission (2013). Synthesis of the responses: Civil enforcement of intellectual property rights: Public consultation on efficiency of proceedings and accessibility measures
Favale, Homberg, Kretschmer, Mendis and Secchi (2013)Favale, M., Homberg, F., Kretschmer, M., Mendis, D., & Secchi, D. (2015). Copyright, and the Regulation of Orphan Works: A Comparative Review of Seven Jurisdictions and a Rights Clearance Simulation. Available at SSRN 2613498.
Ford (2014)Ford, G. S. (2014). What is the effect of file sharing on the creation of new music? A critical review of 'A case study of file sharing and music output'. Phoenix Center for Advanced Legal & Economic Public Policy Studies. Available at SSRN 2407145.
Giorcelli and Moser (2015)Giorcelli, M., & Moser, P. (2014). Copyright and Creativity: Evidence from Italian Operas. Available at SSRN 2505776.
Handke, Guibault and Vallbe (2015)Handke, C., Guibault, L., & Vallbé, J. J. (2015). Is Europe Falling Behind in Data Mining? Copyright's Impact on Data Mining in Academic Research. Copyright's Impact on Data Mining in Academic Research (May 20, 2015).
Heald, Shi, Stoiber and Zheng (2012a)Heald, Paul J. and Shi, Peibei and Stoiber, Jeffrey and Zheng, Qingyao, More Music in Movies: What Box Office Data Reveals About the Availability of Public Domain Songs in Movies from 1968-2008 (December 12, 2012). Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 31-54, 2012; Illinois Public Law Research Paper No. 11-23.
Hui and Png (2002)Hui, K.-L., and I.P .L. Png. 2002. “On the Supply of Creative Work: Evidence from the Movies”. The American Economic Review 92(2);217-220
Humphreys (2008)Humphreys, S., 2008. The challenges of intellectual property for users of Social Networking Sites: a case study of Ravelry.
Humphreys, Fitzgerald, Banks, Suzor (2008)Humphreys, S., Fitzgerald, B., Banks, J. and Suzor, N., 2005. Fan-based production for computer games: User-led innovation, the ‘Drift of Value’and intellectual property rights. Media International Australia Incorporating Culture and Policy, 114(1), pp.16-29.
Ilevbare (2008)ILEVBARE, F. M. 2008. Psychosocial factors influencing attitudes towards internet piracy among Nigerian university students. IFE Psychologia: An International Journal, 16, 120-129.
Intellectual Property Office (2014)IPO (2014). Artist’s Resale Right - Summary of IPO survey findings
Johnson (1985)Johnson, William R. The economics of copying. Journal of Political Economy 93.1 (1985): 158-174.
Johnson (2011)Johnson, E. E. (2011). Intellectual property and the incentive fallacy.
Johnson, Gibson, and Dimita (2012)P. Johnson, J. Gibson, G. Dimita, What Are Words Worth Now: A survey of Authors’ Earnings, London: ALCS (2014).
Kanwar and Evenson (2003)Kanwar, S., & Evenson, R. (2003). Does intellectual property protection spur technological change?. Oxford Economic Papers, 235-264.
... further results

- Earnings literature.

- What is the link between legal rules and the kind of goods goods produced, even aesthetics (e.g. adaptation, sampling, co-authorship)?

- To what extent are creators users, and users creators (theories of communication)?