Al-Rafee and Rouibah (2010)

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Advertising Architectural Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing Programming and broadcasting Computer programming Computer consultancy Creative, arts and entertainment Cultural education

Film and motion pictures Sound recording and music publishing Photographic activities PR and communication Software publishing (including video games) Specialised design Television programmes Translation and interpretation

1. Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare 2. Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)? 3. Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors) 4. Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption) 5. Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)

A. Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right) B. Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction) C. Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing) D. Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability) E. Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts) F. Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)

Source Details

Al-Rafee and Rouibah (2010)
Title: The fight Against Digital Piracy: An Experiment
Author(s): Al-Rafee, S., Rouibah, K.
Year: 2010
Citation: Al-Rafee, S., & Rouibah, K. (2010). The fight against digital piracy: An experiment. Telematics and Informatics, 27(3), 283-292.
Link(s): Definitive , Open Access
Key Related Studies:
Discipline:
Linked by:
About the Data
Data Description: The data was gathered from a population of undergraduate Business and Administration university students in an Arab and a Middle Eastern country.

4 groups and 12 classes were selected (3 class sections per group). The total sample included 319 students; 190 were females, and 129 were males. The average age was close to 19.7 years, with a minimum of 17 years and a maximum of 33 years.

Data Type: Primary data
Secondary Data Sources:
Data Collection Methods:
Data Analysis Methods:
Industry(ies):
Country(ies):
Cross Country Study?: No
Comparative Study?: No
Literature review?: No
Government or policy study?: No
Time Period(s) of Collection:
  • 2010
Funder(s):

Abstract

With the increased reliance on the Internet, digital piracy is a hot topic that is receiving substantial interest. And while most studies concentrate on understanding piracy in developed countries, few studies have been done in developing countries. In order to fill in this gap, this study reports on an experiment to deter/prevent digital piracy behavior in an Arab and a Middle Eastern country. The study used an experiment where different treatments (effect of religion, law, and awareness) were applied to the samples. Results revealed that only the religion and awareness treatments contributed to a decline in digital piracy, and that awareness having the higher effect on the piracy intention. This study discusses the study results and implications for both research and practice.

Main Results of the Study

  • The authors use the results of two surveys, conducted at different times, of a cohort of students to test an economic model explaining the possible deterrents to piracy.
  • The authors tested three hypothesis; whether piracy laws, religious beliefs and awareness or repercussions of piracy affected the subjects intention to digitally pirate.
  • The authors findings seem to suggest that piracy is illegal seem not to matter when people make a decision on whether to pirate or not. The subjects were educated about the new laws fighting digital piracy but it didn't have a significant affect in decreasing the intent to digitally pirate.
  • The authors also tried a religious treatment where they were told that the Islamic scholars denounced digital piracy. This was found to have a significant affect in decreasing the intent to pirate.
  • The largest significant effect was found in the awareness treatment where subjects were made aware of the negative impact of digital piracy and the future ramifications of it. When subjects were made aware of the negative impacrs of digital piracy their intention to pirate dropped (in a statistically significant fashion) the most compared to the other treatments. This suggests that making people more aware of the negative impacts of digital piracy is the most effective policy for decreasing the intent to digitally pirate, out of the three treatment groups.

Policy Implications as Stated By Author

  • The results of the study seem to suggest that increasing awareness of the harms of piracy could decrease the overall amount of piracy.



Coverage of Study

Coverage of Fundamental Issues
Issue Included within Study
Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare
Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)?
Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors)
Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption)
Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)
Green-tick.png
Coverage of Evidence Based Policies
Issue Included within Study
Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right)
Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction)
Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing)
Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability)
Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts)
Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)
Green-tick.png

Datasets

Sample size: 319
Level of aggregation: Individual
Period of material under study: 2010