Chiang and Assane (2002)
|Chiang and Assane (2002)|
|Title:||Software Copyright Infringement Among College Students|
|Author(s):||Chiang, E. P., Assane, D.|
|Citation:||Chiang, E., & Assane, D. (2002). Software copyright infringement among college students. Applied Economics, 34(2), 157-166.|
|Key Related Studies:|
|Linked by:||Acilar and Aydemir (2010), Baker and Cunningham (2006), Chiang and Assane (2008), Fetscherin and Lattemann (2007), Maffioletti and Ramello (2004)|
|About the Data|
|Data Description:||The data for this study were obtained by a random sample of college students by an anonymous survey of U.S. college students. In order to avoid a selectivity bias of a particular group, the data were collected in settings where a mixture of different students were present, including non-specialized classes that have a variety of ages and majors present, in dormitory settings that have a fair mixture of upper and lower class students, and on four different campuses. The campuses were chosen based on their diversity of region, size, age range, ethnic diversity, and the prevalence of different majors. The overall sample consisted of 148 computer owners as well as non-computer owners, having a variety of backgrounds and majors.|
|Data Type:||Primary data|
|Secondary Data Sources:|
|Data Collection Methods:|
|Data Analysis Methods:|
|Cross Country Study?:||No|
|Government or policy study?:||No|
|Time Period(s) of Collection:||
In recent years, the issue of infringement in the software industry has gained international attention as the demand for software continues to grow. The growing presence of unauthorized reproduction of copyrighted products inhibits full potential growth and discourages creative activity. This study analyses the extent of software copyright infringement among college students and attitudes of these students with regard to risk of apprehension and conviction. We find a significantly higher likelihood of infringement for computer majors and male students, and a decrease in the likelihood of infringement for older students. We also uncover differences in attitudes toward risk of apprehension and conviction between majors in scientific fields and those in business and economics. Whereas the first group of majors appears to exhibit risky behavior, the latter tends to be more risk averse.
Main Results of the Study
This study concerns software copyright infringement in one major group: the college student. A number of basic findings emerge. Among these, the temptation to infringe is prevalent among college students. More precisely, this paper shows that:
- There is a significantly higher likelihood of infringement for computer majors and male students, and a decrease in the likelihood of infringement by older students.
- There are differences in attitudes toward risk of apprehension and conviction between majors in scientific fields and those in business and economics. Whereas the first group of majors appears to exhibit risk prone behavior, the latter tends to be more risk averse.
Policy Implications as Stated By Author
Infringement in IPR restricts innovators from receiving full compensation for their contributions, and acts as a disincentive to innovate. For the college student, the temptation to infringe is still prevalent, which suggests that new approaches to enforcement must be taken in order to minimise its occurrence, such as increased warnings and more IPR prosecutions in order to raise student awareness and perception of the risks of owning unlicensed intellectual property.
Coverage of Study
|Level of aggregation:||University students|
|Period of material under study:||2002|