Descriptive statistics (counting; means reporting; cross-tabulation)

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Methods
Methodology (Collection)
Methodology (Analysis)

Descriptive statistics (counting; means reporting; cross-tabulation) is a quantitative method defined within the Copyright Evidence wiki.


The following studies use this method for data analysis (188):

 Citation
Acilar (2010)Acılar, A. (2010). Demographic Factors Affecting Freshman Students' Attitudes towards Software Piracy: An Empirical Study. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology, 7, 321-328.
Acilar and Aydemir (2010)Acilar, A., & Aydemir, M. (2010). Students' Attitudes Towards Software Piracy-The Gender Factor: A Case of a Public University in an Emerging Country. In The Eleventh ETHICOMP International Conference on the Social and Ethical Impacts of Information and Communication Technology.
Akbulut and Donmez (2018)Akbulut, Y. and Donmez, O. (2018) Predictors of digital piracy among Turkish undergraduate students. Telematics and Informatics, Volume 35, Issue 5, pp1324-1334
Andrés (2006a)Andrés, A. R. (2006). The relationship between copyright software protection and piracy: Evidence from Europe. European Journal of Law and Economics, 21(1), 29-51.
Andrés (2006b)Andrés, A. R. (2006). Software piracy and income inequality. Applied Economics Letters, 13(2), 101-105.
Antelman (2004)Antelman, K. (2004) Do Open Access Articles Have a Greater Research Impact? College & Research Libraries News, vol. 65, n. 5, pp. 372-382.
Arendt, Peacemaker and Miller (2018)Arendt, J., Peacemaker, B. And Miller, H. (2018) Same Question, Different World: Replicating an Open Access Research Impact Study. College and Research Libraries (Preprint)
Asongu (2014)Simplice Asongu, (2014) "Software piracy, inequality and the poor: evidence from Africa", Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 41 Issue: 4, pp.526-553, available under: https://doi.org/10.1108/JES-10-2012-0141.
Aufderheide and Sinnreich (2015)Aufderheide, P., & Sinnreich, A. (2015). Documentarians, fair use, and free expression: changes in copyright attitudes and actions with access to best practices. Information, Communication & Society, (ahead-of-print), 1-10.
Aufderheide, Pappalardo, Suzor, and Stevens (2018)Aufderheide, P., Pappalardo, K., Suzor, N., and Stevens, J. (2018) Calculating the consequences of narrow Australian copyright exceptions: Measurable, hidden and incalculable costs to creators. Poetics.
Australian Law Reform Commission (2013)ALRC Report 122 (2013), available at http://www.alrc.gov.au/sites/default/files/pdfs/publications/final_report_alrc_122_2nd_december_2013_.pdf.
Bahanovich and Collopy (2009)Bahanovich, D., & Colloy, D. (2009). Music experience and behaviour in young people: 2009 National Survey. UK Music.
Balganesh, Manta and Wilkinson-Ryan (2014)Balganesh, S., Manta, I., & Wilkinson-Ryan, T. (2014). Judging similarity. 100 Iowa Law Review 267; University of Pennsylvania Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 14-15; Hofstra Univ. Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-09. Available at SSRN 2409811.
Band (2013a)Band, J. (2013). CEO compensation in copyright-intensive industries. Bandwidth. Available at SSRN 2333854.
Band (2013b)Band, J. (2013). Profitability of firms in copyright-intensive industries. Bandwidth. Available at SSRN 2333844
Band and Gerafi (2013)Band, J. & Gerafi, J. (2013). Foreign ownership of firms in IP intensive industries. Policy Bandwidth. Available at SSRN 2333839.
Barker and Maloney (2012)Barker, G. R., & Maloney, T. J. (2012). The impact of free music downloads on the purchase of music CDs in Canada. ANU College of Law Research Paper, (4).
Bellemare and Holmberg (2010)Bellemare, M. F., & Holmberg, A. M. (2010). The determinants of music piracy in a sample of college students. Available at SSRN 1481272.
Bhattacharjee, Gopal and Sanders (2003)Bhattacharjee, S., Gopal, R. D., & Sanders, G. L. (2003). Digital music and online sharing: Software piracy 2.0?. Communications of the ACM, 46(7), 107-111.
Bhattacharjee, Gopal, Lertwachara and Marsden (2006a)Bhattacharjee, S., Gopal, R., Lertwachara, K. and Marsden, J. R. 2006a. Whatever Happened to payola? An Empirical Analysis of Online Music Sharing. Decision Support Systems, 42, 104-120.
Bodo (2015)
Boorstin (2004)Boorstin, E. S. Music Sales in the Age of File Sharing (Doctoral dissertation, Princeton University).
Branstetter, Fisman and Foley (2006)Branstetter, L.G., Fisman, R., & Foley, C. F. (2006). Do stronger intellectual property rights increase international technology transfer? Empirical evidence from U.S. firm-level panel data. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 121(1), 321-349.
Brassell and Goodyer (2015)Brassell, M. & Goodyer, I. (2015) Penalty Fair? Study of criminal sanctions for copyright infringement available under the CDPA 1988. IPO, 2015
Bryce and Rutter (2005)Bryce, J., & Rutter, J. (2005). Fake Nation? A study into an everyday crime. The Intellectual Property Theft and Organised Crime research project, UK.
Brynjolfsson and Smith (2000)Brynjolfsson, E., & Smith, M. D. (2000). Frictionless commerce? A comparison of Internet and conventional retailers. Management Science, 46(4), 563-585.
Buccafusco and Heald (2012)Buccafusco, C., & Heald, P. J. (2012). Do Bad Things Happen When Works Enter the Public Domain: Empirical Tests of Copyright Term Extension. Berkeley Tech. LJ, 28, 1.
Buccafusco and Springman (2010)Buccafusco, C. J., & Sprigman, C. J. (2010). Valuing Intellectual Property: An Experiment. Cornell Law Review.
Charles River Associates (2013)Assessing the Economic Impacts of Adapting Certain Limitations and Exceptions to Copyright and Related Rights in the EU, Charles River Assoc., (2013), available at
Charness and Daniela (2014)Charness, G., & Grieco, D. (2014). Creativity and Financial Incentives.
Cheliotis (2007)Cheliotis, G. (2007). Remix culture: an empirical analysis of creative reuse and the licensing of digital media in online communities.
Chen and Puttitanun (2005)Chen, Y., & Puttitanun, T. (2005). Intellectual Property Rights and Innovation in Developing Countries. Journal of Development Economics, 78(2), 474-493.
Chen and Yen (2011)Chen, M. F. and Yen, Y. H. 2011. Costs and Utilities Perspective of Consumers' Intentions to Engage in Online Music Sharing: Consumers' Knowledge Matters. Ethics & Behavior, 21(4), 283-300.
Chen, Pan and Pan (2009)Chen, M. F., Pan, C. T., & Pan, M. C. (2009). The joint moderating impact of moral intensity and moral judgment on consumer’s use intention of pirated software. Journal of Business Ethics, 90(3), 361-373.
Chen, Shang and Lin (2008)Chen, Y. C., Shang, R. A., & Lin, A. K. (2008). The intention to download music files in a P2P environment: Consumption value, fashion, and ethical decision perspectives. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, 7(4), 411-422.
Chiou and Tucker (2011)Chiou, Lesley and Tucker, Catherine, Copyright, Digitization, and Aggregation (December 13, 2011). NET Institute Working Paper No. 11-18.
Chiou, Cheng and Huang (2011)Chiou, J. S., Cheng, H. I., & Huang, C. Y. (2011). The effects of artist adoration and perceived risk of getting caught on attitude and intention to pirate music in the United States and Taiwan. Ethics & Behavior, 21(3), 182-196.
Cohen, Nelson and Walsh (2000)Cohen, W. M., Nelson, R. R., & Walsh, J.P. (2000). Protecting their intellectual assets: Appropriability conditions and why U.S. manufacturing firms patent(or not). National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper No.7552.
Commission of the European Communities (2005a)DG Internal Market and Services Working Paper, Commission of the European Communities (2005)
Cornwell (2017)Cornwell, J. (2017) Intellectual Property Litigation at the Court of Session: A First Empirical Investigation. Edinburgh Law Review, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp192-216.
Creative Content Australia (2015)Creative Content Australia (2015). Australian Piracy Behaviours. 2015 Wave 7 Adults.
Cronan and Al-Rafee (2008)Cronan, T. P., & Al-Rafee, S. (2008). Factors that influence the intention to pirate software and media. Journal of Business Ethics, 78(4), 527-545.
Danahar, Smith and Teland (2015)Danahar, B., Smith, M., Teland, R.,'Copyright Enforcement in the Digital Age: Empirical Evidence and Conclusions', WIPO/ACE/10/20, 2015
Danaher and Waldfogel (2012)Danaher, B., & Waldfogel, J. (2012). Reel Piracy: The Effect of Online Film Piracy on International Box Office Sales. Available at SSRN 1986299.
Depken and Simmons (2004)C. A. Depken II & L. C. Simmons (2004) Social construct and the propensity for software piracy, Applied Economics Letters, 11:2, 97-100.
Derclaye (2014)Derclaye, E. (2014). Do patents, trademarks and designs foster happiness in developed countries? An empirical analysis. International Journal of Happiness and Development, 1(4), 357-368.
DiCola (2013)DiCola, P. (2013). Money from Music: Survey Evidence on Musicians' Revenue and Lessons About Copyright Incentives. Ariz. L. Rev., 55, 301.
Eger, Scheufen and Meierrieks (2015)Eger, T., Scheuen, M., and Meierreks, D. (2015) The determinants of open access publishing: survey evidence from Germany. Eur J Law Econ, 39, p475-503
Engel and Kurschilgen (2010)Engel, C., & Kurschilgen, M. J. (2010). Fairness Ex Ante & Ex Post-An Experimental Test of the German'Bestseller Paragraph'. Chicago.
Envisional (2011)Envisional (2011), Technical report: An Estimate of Infringing Use of the Internet
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