Faklaris and Hook (2017)
|Faklaris and Hook (2017)|
|Title:||Attitudes About ‘Fair Use’ and Content Sharing in Social Media Applications|
|Author(s):||Faklaris, C., Hook, S. A.|
|Citation:||Faklaris, C. and Hook, S.A. (2017) Attitudes About ‘Fair Use’ and Content Sharing in Social Media Applications. CSCW 2017, February 25-March 1, 2017, Portland, OR, USA|
|Key Related Studies:|
|About the Data|
|Data Description:||The study details an online survey, with 106 respondents across 48 social networking site platforms. A Likert-type scale was used to assess respondents’ agreement with statements about the publishing and reuse their own content, and others content.|
|Data Type:||Primary data|
|Secondary Data Sources:|
|Data Collection Methods:|
|Data Analysis Methods:|
|Cross Country Study?:||No|
|Government or policy study?:||No|
|Time Period(s) of Collection:||
"The shift to Social Networking Services (SNSs) and mobile messaging apps such as Facebook, Instagram and Snapchat that rely on User-Generated Content (UCG) has challenged notions of fair use under U.S. copyright law. It remains unclear what understandings are common among these app users regarding legal and ethical norms in reusing artistic, journalistic and other types of content outside of online remixer spaces. Our online survey of N=106 users of N=48 SNS platforms and apps measured attitudes regarding fair use under U.S. copyright law and attribution for work that is shared. Participants reported a high level of agreement with more-restrictive conditions for content publishing and reuse. However, analyses of ratings and responses to open-ended questions reveal tension between issues of intellectual integrity and intellectual property."
Main Results of the Study
Social networking site users opinions on reuse differ depending on whether the content in question is their own, or another users. Respondents in this study appeared to favour stricter conditions on reuse, provided these conditions related to someone else's work and not their own. Similar findings are apparent when respondents were asked about the responsibility of making clear conditions of reuse.The authors speculate that such opinions may be as a result of a fear of increased “policing” duties in respect of their own work, or perhaps a “do as I say, not as I do” attitude.
Policy Implications as Stated By Author
The authors do not explicitly state any policy implications, noting that further work will be undertaken via semi-structured interviews and observations. Their main conclusion is that there appears to be a confusion between participants’ knowledge of copyright law versus intellectual integrity. Furthermore, the norms formed within the broader social networking site community may be separate than existing knowledge of fan fiction and remix culture.
Coverage of Study