|Title:||What is the effect of file sharing on the creation of new music? A critical review of 'A case study of file sharing and music output'|
|Author(s):||Ford, G. S.|
|Citation:||Ford, G. S. (2014). What is the effect of file sharing on the creation of new music? A critical review of 'A case study of file sharing and music output'. Phoenix Center for Advanced Legal & Economic Public Policy Studies. Available at SSRN 2407145.|
|Link(s):||Definitive , Open Access|
|Key Related Studies:|
|About the Data|
|Data Description:||This article is a review of the study 'A case study of file sharing and music output' (Lunney, 2014).|
|Data Type:||Secondary data|
|Secondary Data Sources:|
|Data Collection Methods:|
|Data Analysis Methods:|
|Cross Country Study?:||No|
|Government or policy study?:||No|
|Time Period(s) of Collection:||
In a recent and unpublished study — Empirical Copyright: A Case Study of File Sharing and Music Output — Tulane University Law Professor Glynn Lunney, Jr., concludes that “file sharing has not reduced the creation of new original music.” The claim is based on the correlation of music sales over time to the appearance of “new artists”, narrowly defined, appearing at the top of BILLBOARD’s Hot 100 chart. In this PERSPECTIVE, I provide a review of Dr. Lunney’s paper. Unfortunately, the empirical analysis in Dr. Lunney’s paper is some of the weakest in this area, and the defects in the analysis are many and varied. Put plainly, his statistical analysis is inexpertly performed; the empirical model is poorly motivated, poorly designed, and improperly estimated. Moreover, contrary to his claim, his results do not support his theory. Alternative and more plausible interpretations of Professor Lunney’s results suggest piracy has the expected negative consequences on the creative industries.
Main Results of the Study
- As the copyright review debate heats up, so will the amount of academic research on the effects of copyright, piracy, fair use, and other relevant concepts. Given the importance of intellectual property, it is vital that any research used to formulate policy be subjected to close scrutiny.
- In this perspective, this study reviews a recent paper on the effects of piracy on the music industry by Professor Glynn Lunney which purports to show that “file sharing has not reduced the creation of new original music.”
- The author claims that, not only is Professor Lunney's unsupported, but her analysis suffers from defects so severe as to render it useless for guiding public policy.
- Furthermore, copyright is established in the U.S. Constitution on the theory that one obtains more goods and services when one pays for them. Those opposed to copyright on whatever grounds, the author claims, surely bear a substantial burden in making their case.
Policy Implications as Stated By Author
Despite some improvement in recent year for revenue stability, piracy remains a significant problem for the music, film, and print industries. Contrary Lunney's (2014) claims, more aggressive enforcement of copyright and legal alternatives is needed.
Coverage of Study
|Level of aggregation:||Academic article|
|Period of material under study:||2014|