Hadopi (2011)

From Copyright EVIDENCE

Advertising Architectural Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing Programming and broadcasting Computer programming Computer consultancy Creative, arts and entertainment Cultural education

Film and motion pictures Sound recording and music publishing Photographic activities PR and communication Software publishing (including video games) Specialised design Television programmes Translation and interpretation

1. Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare 2. Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)? 3. Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors) 4. Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption) 5. Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)

A. Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right) B. Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction) C. Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing) D. Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability) E. Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts) F. Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)

Source Details

Hadopi (2011)
Title: Hadopi, cultural assets and internet use: practices and perceptions of French internet users
Author(s): Hadopi
Year: 2011
Citation: HADOPI. 2011. Hadopi, cultural assets and internet use: practices and perceptions of French internet users (Online). Available: http://www.hadopi.fr/download/HADOPI_T0_version_long.pdf.
Link(s): Definitive , Open Access
Key Related Studies:
Discipline:
Linked by:
About the Data
Data Description: This online quantitative survey of 2,687 French internet users (representative of the population) was divided into two groups. The first group survey (1,624) concerned the perceptions and practices of web users concerning the legal and illegal usage of cultural assets, and to assess their level of familiarity with the law and the consequences of legal and illegal internet use as well as familiarity with Hadopi. This second group survey (1,063) related to the use of paid content, free content, illegal use, and barriers to legal use. Both samples had quotas for gender, age, professional category of the main householder and place of residence and were matched to facilitate comparison.
Data Type: Primary data
Secondary Data Sources:
Data Collection Methods:
Data Analysis Methods:
Industry(ies):
Country(ies):
Cross Country Study?: No
Comparative Study?: No
Literature review?: No
Government or policy study?: Yes
Time Period(s) of Collection:
  • 2010
Funder(s):
  • Hadopi

Abstract

In order to find out the level of familiarity of French web users with the law, and to better understand their habits in relation to the legal and illegal use of cultural assets and their reactions to it, a first measuring point was established in the form of a photograph at moment T (Study T0). There is a dual objective to this study: • Make an initial assessment of the perceptions and practices of web users concerning the legal and illegal use of cultural assets, assess their level of familiarity with the law and the consequences of legal and illegal internet use. • Assess their level of awareness and familiarity with Hadopi and its objectives.

Main Results of the Study

Hadopi is well known, and 75% of users know their internet must be secure. There is some confusion as to what is legal and illegal, although those admitting to illegal use spend more online on cultural assets than average. Half of web users admit to illegal use (at least once), and 95% of those questioned think that French web users behave illegally (a significant gap between what is declared and what is projected). Illegal use is concentrated mainly among those aged 15-39 and men, and there is no difference between residents of the Paris Metropolitan Region and the Provinces. The practice is not slowing down and is becoming more diverse. In terms of equipment, those declaring illegal use are better-equipped in general and particularly as regards external hard drives, smartphones and audio /video players. In terms of impact, almost half of web users declaring illegal use say that Hadopi will not change their behaviour, while a third would be willing to change and a fifth (17%) gave no response.

Policy Implications as Stated By Author

While actual digital piracy is lower than perceived, deterrence efforts could be focused on the highest offending group and changing internet user behaviours through educational materials.



Coverage of Study

Coverage of Fundamental Issues
Issue Included within Study
Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare
Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)?
Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors)
Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption)
Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)
Green-tick.png
Coverage of Evidence Based Policies
Issue Included within Study
Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right)
Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction)
Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing)
Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability)
Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts)
Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)
Green-tick.png

Datasets

Sample size: 2687
Level of aggregation: Individual
Period of material under study: 2010