IP Crime Annual Report (2015-2016)

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Advertising Architectural Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing Programming and broadcasting Computer programming Computer consultancy Creative, arts and entertainment Cultural education

Film and motion pictures Sound recording and music publishing Photographic activities PR and communication Software publishing (including video games) Specialised design Television programmes Translation and interpretation

1. Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare 2. Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)? 3. Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors) 4. Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption) 5. Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)

A. Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right) B. Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction) C. Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing) D. Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability) E. Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts) F. Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)

Source Details

IP Crime Annual Report (2015-2016)
Title: IP Crime Annual Report (2015-2016)
Author(s): IP Crime Group
Year: 2015
Citation: IP Crime Group (2016) IP Crime Annual Report (2015-2016)
Link(s): Open Access
Key Related Studies:
Discipline:
Linked by: IP Crime Annual Report (2016-2017), IP Crime Annual Report (2017-2018)
About the Data
Data Description: The report consists of an amalgamation of different reports and information from various organisations, including law enforcement agencies (trading standards, police) and industry bodies (e.g. BPI)
Data Type: Primary and Secondary data
Secondary Data Sources:
Data Collection Methods:
Data Analysis Methods:
Industry(ies):
Country(ies):
Cross Country Study?: No
Comparative Study?: No
Literature review?: No
Government or policy study?: Yes
Time Period(s) of Collection:
  • 2015-2016
Funder(s):
  • Intellectual Property Office

Abstract

“The latest IP crime report 2015 to 2016 was published on 28 September 2016. The report highlights current and emerging threats surrounding counterfeiting and piracy, including those conducted via the internet. The report also contains statistical data and enforcement activities from UK law enforcement agencies such as trading standards, police, border force and a number of industry bodies.”

Main Results of the Study

• The IPO reports that infringement levels remain steady, with 56% of consumers having paid for some content, whilst 44% consumed for free. with music and film infringement having comparative higher levels of infringement from other sectors (26% and 25% of consumers having consumed illegally). It is estimated that 96 million music tracks alone were accessed illegally between March-May 2015, though this in fact represents a drop from a peak figure of 157 million between the same time period in 2013. Illegal TV programme downloads over the same period reveals a 33% increase (from 12 million to 16 million). By contrast, the Federation Against Software Theft (FAST) reports a drop in consumption of unlicensed software by 22%.

• Reasons given for infringement suggest behaviours are primarily driven by cost-concerns (49%), convenience (43%) and ease of access/immediacy (37%). Correspondingly, there is also a suggestion that licensed streaming services, such as Netflix, have deterred infringement by providing cheap, convenient and quick means of accessing content.

• The Federation Against Copyright Theft (FACT) report increasing concerns regarding internet protocol TV boxes (IPTV), with a third of public complaints concerning this, and taking up 50% of ongoing cases.

• China and Hong Kong continue to be the predominant source of IPR infringing goods, noting in particular that online infringements in China are particularly challenging to tackle due to exhaustive requirements in proving ownership.

Policy Implications as Stated By Author

No policy implications are stated by the authors.



Coverage of Study

Coverage of Fundamental Issues
Issue Included within Study
Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare
Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)?
Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors)
Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption)
Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)
Green-tick.png
Coverage of Evidence Based Policies
Issue Included within Study
Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right)
Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction)
Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing)
Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability)
Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts)
Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)
Green-tick.png

Datasets