Lee, Yeop Paek and Fenoff (2018)

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1. Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare 2. Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)? 3. Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors) 4. Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption) 5. Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)

A. Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right) B. Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction) C. Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing) D. Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability) E. Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts) F. Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)

Source Details

Lee, Yeop Paek and Fenoff (2018)
Title: Factors associated with digital piracy among early adolescents
Author(s): Byung Lee, Seung Yeop Paek, Roy Fenoff
Year: 2018
Citation: Lee, B., Yeop Paek, S., Fenoff, R. Factors associated with digital piracy among early adolescents. Child and Youth Services Review. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.02.002
Link(s): Open Access
Key Related Studies:
Discipline:
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About the Data
Data Description: The authors analysed survey data gathered in 2009 by the Korean Institute of Criminology. Employing stratified cluster sampling, representative samples were drawn from fifth (32%), sixth (32%) and seventh (36%) grade students in Seoul, resulting in a total of 1032 school children.

Two dependent variables were analysed: the first assessing whether respondents intentionally downloaded copyrighted content without paying; the second was in regards to whether respondents had shared copyrighted content with others. Measures to assess perceptions of morality and legality of these actions were also assessed.

Data Type: Secondary data
Secondary Data Sources:
Data Collection Methods:
Data Analysis Methods:
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Cross Country Study?: No
Comparative Study?: No
Literature review?: No
Government or policy study?: No
Time Period(s) of Collection:
  • 2009
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Abstract

With increasing capacity for storing and transmitting digital content via peer-to-peer networks, digital piracy remains to be a growing concern for various industries worldwide. Concurrently, young people have been at the forefront of adopting and using new technology to share or distribute information with one another. Given that the majority of existing studies have relied on college samples, it is valuable to explore the factors associated with digital piracy among adolescents in non-Western cultures. Using a South Korean sample and multivariate logistic regression, the current study found that association with deviant peers as well as attitudinal and perception indicators are linked with one's participation in digital piracy. These findings suggest that in addition to peer association, an individual's moral attitude toward and perceived legality of digital piracy play a role in the illegal downloading and unauthorized uploading of copyrighted media files among youth. Implications for research and policy are discussed

Main Results of the Study

• Peer association with those who engage in digital piracy is correlated with likelihood of illegal downloading of copyrighted material, and uploading to blogs or websites.

• Female respondents were more likely than males to upload copyrighted content via a link to a blog or website. Similar results were found for youths with lower socioeconomic statuses.

• In regards to moral acceptability of sharing copyrighted digital content: 55% of respondents perceived this to be illegal; 12% perceived this to be legal, and; 33% were uncertain regarding whether such behaviour was legal or not. Youths who perceived this behaviour to be legal were more likely to engage in infringing behaviour.

Policy Implications as Stated By Author

Whilst no policy implications are stated directly by the authors, emphasis is placed on the role of education by teachers and parents to influence youth behaviour. Firstly, the authors suggest monitoring and intervention of online interactions (e.g. on Facebook), particularly where there is engagement with peers engaging in illegal or immoral behaviour. Secondly, parents and teachers should provide education on the legal consequences of infringing behaviour. Thirdly, creating an environment with a shared sense of morality could help sway youth’s decisions on whether to engage in infringing behaviour.



Coverage of Study

Coverage of Fundamental Issues
Issue Included within Study
Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare
Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)?
Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors)
Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption)
Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)
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Coverage of Evidence Based Policies
Issue Included within Study
Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right)
Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction)
Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing)
Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability)
Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts)
Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)
Green-tick.png

Datasets