Onyejelem and Duru (2018)

From Copyright Evidence
Jump to: navigation, search

You do not have permission to edit this page, for the following reasons:

  • The action you have requested is limited to users in the group: Users.
  • You do not have permission to edit pages in the Page namespace.

You do not have permission to edit this page, for the following reasons:

  • The action you have requested is limited to users in the group: Users.
  • You do not have permission to edit pages in the Page namespace.

Advertising Architectural Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing Programming and broadcasting Computer programming Computer consultancy Creative, arts and entertainment Cultural education

Film and motion pictures Sound recording and music publishing Photographic activities PR and communication Software publishing (including video games) Specialised design Television programmes Translation and interpretation

1. Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare 2. Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)? 3. Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors) 4. Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption) 5. Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)

A. Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right) B. Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction) C. Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing) D. Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability) E. Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts) F. Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)

Source Details

Onyejelem and Duru (2018)
Title: Awareness and Attitude to Copyright Implications of Online Music Download among Undergraduate Students of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
Author(s): Timothy Ekeledirichukwu Onyejelem, Henry Chigozie Duru
Year: 2018
Citation: Onyejelem, T.E. and Duru, H.C. (2018) Awareness and Attitude to Copyright Implications of Online Music Download among Undergraduate Students of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review 8(2), pp1-15
Link(s): Open Access
Key Related Studies:
Discipline:
Linked by:
About the Data
Data Description: The study involves a survey of 300 undergraduate students at Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. The survey was designed to examine the students’ knowledge of the copyright status of online music downloads.
Data Type: Primary data
Secondary Data Sources:
Data Collection Methods:
Data Analysis Methods:
Industry(ies):
Country(ies):
Cross Country Study?: No
Comparative Study?: No
Literature review?: No
Government or policy study?: No
Time Period(s) of Collection:
Funder(s):

Abstract

“Against the backdrop of the growing place of the Internet as a source of music and other entertainment contents among young people in Nigeria, this study focused on the awareness of the undergraduate students of Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka regarding the copyright implications of online music download as well as their extent of compliance with copyright regulations in relation to such download. The study was designed as a survey with close-ended questionnaire distributed to 300 respondents. Findings showed almost all UNIZIK undergraduate students engage in online music download, and that there is some appreciable level of awareness about the copyright implications of online music download among them. However, it was found that the students largely do not comply with copyright regulations regarding online music download. The study concluded that the general poor compliance with copyright requirements in the country might not be as a result of lack of awareness, as many Nigerians might be enlightened on their copyright obligations but are merely lacking the disposition to comply with what they know. It was recommended that there should be an intensified mass campaign aimed at not just educating the populace on their copyright obligations, but also to convince them on why they should act in accordance with these obligations. This way, the gap between awareness and practice, as found in this study, might be bridged.”

Main Results of the Study

The majority of respondents (93.6%) surveyed have downloaded music online, with 70% retaining this music permanently on an electronic device (such as a phone).

Although most of the respondents (70.3%) are aware that there may be copyright implications attached to the downloaded music, the majority are not deterred by the knowledge that this action may be infringing on the rights of the copyright holder (e.g. only 18% of respondents would not share infringing material). This suggests that the respondents, whilst aware of the possible implications, choose to ignore them.

Policy Implications as Stated By Author

The study recommends: (a) a large campaign aimed at educating the public on copyright matters, (b) an amendment to the Nigerian Copyright Act to reflect developments in the digital world, and (c) technical measures for monitoring and enforcing copyright protection online.



Coverage of Study

Coverage of Fundamental Issues
Issue Included within Study
Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare
Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)?
Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors)
Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption)
Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)
Green-tick.png
Coverage of Evidence Based Policies
Issue Included within Study
Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right)
Green-tick.png
Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction)
Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing)
Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability)
Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts)
Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)

Datasets