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Depoorter and Vanneste (2006)
Has abstract In the past few years, we have witnessed a
In the past few years, we have witnessed a historical shift in the enforcement of copyright law. While copyright enforcement against private copying traditionally centered on commercial intermediaries and piracy, content owners now also pursue infringement actions against consumers and private copiers directly. While consumers of pirated content have traditionally been captured indirectly through taxes or blanket licenses, they are now subjected to a mass litigation campaign. Despite the wide media attention and spectacular headlines, litigation has produced only limited results in the present era of digital downloading and peer-to-peer (or "P2P") file swapping. Lawsuits against private copiers have not halted file-sharing activities. An ever-increasing number of unlicensed downloads are taking place in private homes all over the world. According to recent data, over twelve million people' are simultaneously sharing 1.08 billion music, movie, and software files on the Internet at any given moment. Why are individuals unresponsive to the increased costs of downloading unlicensed music? One possible reason is that individuals simply believe that the chances of being caught are too remote because there are so many people downloading at any given moment in time. Downloading fell temporarily during the initial wave of lawsuits but increased again during subsequent rounds of lawsuits as file swappers updated their estimation of the chances of getting caught. Notwithstanding the limited deterrent effect of lawsuits on file sharing, record industry representatives, who often refer to lawsuits in terms of "educating" the public on copyright law, have announced that they will continue to pursue litigation against individual file swappers. In this Article, we suggest that if litigation indeed serves purposes other than deterrence, legal sanctions are unlikely to alter the social meaning and legitimacy of peer-to-peer networks and file sharing. Because of a convinced belief among copyright users that file sharing should be legal, copyright enforcement is challenged by a social norm complication. Drawing on socio-psychological literature and new data from an empirical study, we posit that copyright litigation faces an impossibility theorem: lawsuits against file sharers cannot simultaneously achieve effective deterrence and promote pro-copyright norms.
eterrence and promote pro-copyright norms.  +
Has country United States +
Has data material year 2005  +
Has data source Existing academic literature +
Has data type Secondary data  +
Has data year 2005  +
Has description of data This study uses copyright enforcement as a case study to analyse norms associated with file sharing.  +
Has discipline D7: Analysis of Collective Decision-Making + , K11: Property Law + , K42: Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law +
Has full citation Depoorter, B. and Vanneste, S., 2006. Norms and enforcement: The case against copyright litigation. Oregon Law Review, 84(4), p.1127.  +
Has hyperlink https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=931415  +
Has industry Software publishing (including video games) + , Sound recording and music publishing + , Film and motion pictures +
Has intervention-response The authors examine the options for regula
The authors examine the options for regulators, courts, and copyright-dependent industries face when approaching the widespread use of copyrighted material on file-sharing networks. These options, including criminal prosecutions of digital piracy, copyright education, self-help strategies, and collective licensing, are evaluated in light of the interaction of deterrence and anticopyright norms. The authors argue that social norm backlash is particularly relevant for copyright law because circumvention technology and the so-called technological "arms race" between content holders and pirates inevitably create lapses in copyright enforcement. During these intervals of reduced enforcement, conduct is determined by norms.
forcement, conduct is determined by norms.  +
Has level of aggregation case study  +
Has method of analysis Quantitative content analysis (e.g. text or data mining) + , Textual Content Analysis +
Has method of collection Quantitative data/text mining + , Case Study + , Qualitative content/text mining +
Has oahyperlink https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=931415  +
Has plain-text proposition The evidence from the study raises the hyp
The evidence from the study raises the hypothesis that deterrence and norms work at cross-purposes. Experienced users of peer-to-peer technology have internalized an anticopyright norm that cannot be unraveled through enforcement. Anticopyright norms of file swapppers are strengthened when the level of copyright enforcement increases, which results in more downloading whenever enforcement is temporarily suspended. Enforcement has an ambivalent effect on individuals who have no experience with file sharing. Severe sanctions do not have a counterproductive effect on copyright norms of such "non-file sharers," yet exposure to information on copyright enforcement against peer-to-peer software reinforces the belief or expectation that others are downloading.
r expectation that others are downloading.  +
Has reference to Ginsburg (1995) +
Has relationship with evidence based policy F. Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness) +
Has relationship with fundamental issue 5. Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media) + , 1. Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare +
Has sample size 1  +
Has title Norms and Enforcement: The Case against Copyright Litigation  +
Is comparative study false  +
Is cross country study false  +
Is government or policy report false  +
Is literature review false  +
Is titled Depoorter and Vanneste (2005)  +
Was published in year 2005  +
Was written by Depoorter, B. + , Vanneste, S. +
Has query
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Creation date
This property is a special property in this wiki.
30 January 2017 12:46:39  +
Categories Studies , Datasets
Last editor is
This property is a special property in this wiki.
User:Kenny +
Modification date
This property is a special property in this wiki.
30 January 2017 12:48:40  +
Is a new page
This property is a special property in this wiki.
false  +
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