Adum et al. (2019)

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Adum et al. (2019)
Title: Awareness of Copyright Laws among Select Nigerian University Students
Author(s): Allen Nnanwuba Adum, Ogochukwu Ekwenchi, Emeka Odogwu, Kobimdi Umeh
Year: 2019
Citation: Adum, A.N., Ekwenchi, O., Odogwu, E., and Umeh, K. (2019) Awareness of Copyright Laws among Select Nigerian University Students. 86 Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization 183
Link(s): Definitive , Open Access
Key Related Studies:
Linked by:
About the Data
Data Description: Data were obtained through a survey of undergraduate students (randomly selected at department level) at Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka totalling 400 respondents.
Data Type: Primary data
Secondary Data Sources:
Data Collection Methods:
Data Analysis Methods:
Cross Country Study?: No
Comparative Study?: No
Literature review?: No
Government or policy study?: No
Time Period(s) of Collection:


“Copyright laws have been in existence in Nigeria since independence and gone through several reviews. Although the policy of “permitted use” in the copyright law allows the reproduction of publications for educational and private use, studies have shown that students of tertiary institutions infringe on the copyright law. This study investigated the extent to which university students, precisely, Nnamdi Azikiwe University undergraduate students are aware of copyright laws. We used the survey research method to study a sample size of 400 drawn from a student population of over thirty thousand. Questionnaire was administered as instrument for data collection. Results revealed that most of these students were aware of copyright laws and the consequences of violating the law, yet compliance with the law was low among them. It was also revealed that even though photocopying is the number one activity which violates copyright laws on campuses of tertiary institutions, not much is being done to enforce the law.”

Main Results of the Study

All students surveyed reported having awareness of copyright infringement, and the majority have awareness of copyright laws (60%).

All students agreed that the internet has provided a very accessible resource for researchers, and that indirectly this has caused an increase in plagiarism. 40% of respondents reported that they themselves had plagiarised, with the remaining 60% undecided. However, students were less likely to report their fellows undertaking acts of plagiarism, with only 4.4% knowing of such cases amongst their peers. This is contrasted with students’ perception of copyright infringement by their peers, which they view predominantly as high (43%).

Policy Implications as Stated By Author

The study recommends that the surveyed university develops policies on copyright infringement, promote awareness via workshops, seminars and notices, and to award accreditation for citations in student essays.

Coverage of Study

Coverage of Fundamental Issues
Issue Included within Study
Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare
Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)?
Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors)
Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption)
Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)
Coverage of Evidence Based Policies
Issue Included within Study
Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right)
Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction)
Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing)
Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability)
Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts)
Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)