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Advertising Architectural Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing Programming and broadcasting Computer programming Computer consultancy Creative, arts and entertainment Cultural education

Film and motion pictures Sound recording and music publishing Photographic activities PR and communication Software publishing (including video games) Specialised design Television programmes Translation and interpretation

1. Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare 2. Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)? 3. Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors) 4. Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption) 5. Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)

A. Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right) B. Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction) C. Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing) D. Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability) E. Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts) F. Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)

Source Details

Todorova et al. (2017)
Title: Information professionals and copyright literacy: a multinational study
Author(s): Tania Yordanova Todorova, Serap Kurbanoglu, Joumana Boustany, Güleda Dogan, Laura Saunders, Aleksandra Horva, Ana Lúcia Terra, Ane Landøy, Angela Repanovici, Chris Morrison, Egbert J.Sanchez Vanderkast, Jane Secker, Jurgita Rudzioniene, Terttu Kortelainen, Tibor Koltay
Year: 2017
Citation: Tania Yordanova Todorova, Serap Kurbanoglu, Joumana Boustany, Güleda Dogan, Laura Saunders,Aleksandra Horvat, Ana Lúcia Terra, Ane Landøy, Angela Repanovici, Chris Morrison, Egbert J.Sanchez Vanderkast, Jane Secker, Jurgita Rudzioniene, Terttu Kortelainen, Tibor Koltay, (2017) Information professionals and copyright literacy: a multinational study. Library Management, 38(6/7), pp.323-344
Link(s): Open Access
Key Related Studies:
Discipline:
Linked by:
About the Data
Data Description: Data were gathered via an online survey of library and information science professionals across 13 countries. The survey was designed to examine the professionals’ understanding and opinions of copyright-related issues, and consisted of a mix of closed-ended Likert-scale questions and open-ended questions. The survey received 1,926 responses.
Data Type: Primary data
Secondary Data Sources:
Data Collection Methods:
Data Analysis Methods:
Industry(ies):
Country(ies):
Cross Country Study?: Yes
Comparative Study?: Yes
Literature review?: No
Government or policy study?: No
Time Period(s) of Collection:
  • July 2013-March 2014
  • June 2014-March 2015
Funder(s):
  • National Science Fund of the Bulgarian Ministry of Education, Youth and Science, Contract No DFNI-К01/0002-21.11.2012

Abstract

Purpose–The purpose of this paper is to present findings from a multinational survey on copyright literacy of specialists from libraries and other cultural institutions.

Design/methodology/approach–This paper is based on a multinational survey of copyright literacy competencies of Library and Information Science (LIS) professionals and those who work in the cultural heritage sector (archives and museums), conducted in 13 countries, namely Bulgaria (BG), Croatia (CR), Finland(FI), France (FR), Hungary (HU), Lithuania (LT), Mexico (MX), Norway (NO), Portugal (PT), Romania (RO),Turkey (TR), UK and USA in the period July 2013-March 2015. An online survey instrument was developed in order to collect data from professionals regarding their familiarity with, knowledge and awareness of and opinions on copyright-related issues.

Findings–Findings of this study highlight gaps in existing knowledge of copyright, and information about the level of copyright literacy of LIS and cultural sector professionals. Also attitudes toward copyright learning content in academic education and continuing professional development training programs are investigated.

Originality/value–This study aimed to address a gap in the literature by encompassing specialists from the cultural institutions in an international comparative context. The paper offers guidance for further understanding of copyright in a wider framework of digital and information literacy; and for the implementation of copyright policy, and the establishment of copyright advisor positions in cultural institutions. The recommendations support a revision of academic and continuing education programs learning curriculum and methods.”

Main Results of the Study

The study finds that overall knowledge of copyright-related issues is poor, with only 30.1% of respondents reporting “moderate” awareness and 30.1% being “somewhat” aware (and only 9.1% reporting extreme awareness). In particular, less than 50% of respondents reported familiarity with copyright related issues with digitisation. Nonetheless, interest in copyright is high, with nearly half of all respondents noting either moderate or extreme levels of interest. To this end, over 80% of respondents reported the need for institutional-level copyright policies, and 71% believe copyright training should be introduced at undergraduate courses in their areas.

Differences in literacy are apparent at multinational level. France, USA, UK, Lithuania, Turkey and Portugal are most familiar with copyright-related issues and solutions, whereas Bulgaria, Coratia, Lithuania, Romania and Mexico report the lowest levels of knowledge. In particular, the USA and UK are noted as world-leaders in this area, with most respondents from these countries benefitting from copyright advice from specialists (53% and 65% respectively).

Policy Implications as Stated By Author

The study highlights the need to improve the copyright literacy of library and information science professionals. The authors suggest this may be achieved by implementing institution-level copyright policies, creating specialist positions for copyright advisors, and integrating copyright training into undergraduate curriculums for professional library and information educational courses.


Coverage of Study

Coverage of Fundamental Issues
Issue Included within Study
Relationship between protection (subject matter/term/scope) and supply/economic development/growth/welfare
Relationship between creative process and protection - what motivates creators (e.g. attribution; control; remuneration; time allocation)?
Harmony of interest assumption between authors and publishers (creators and producers/investors)
Effects of protection on industry structure (e.g. oligopolies; competition; economics of superstars; business models; technology adoption)
Understanding consumption/use (e.g. determinants of unlawful behaviour; user-generated content; social media)
Green-tick.png
Coverage of Evidence Based Policies
Issue Included within Study
Nature and Scope of exclusive rights (hyperlinking/browsing; reproduction right)
Exceptions (distinguish innovation and public policy purposes; open-ended/closed list; commercial/non-commercial distinction)
Green-tick.png
Mass digitisation/orphan works (non-use; extended collective licensing)
Green-tick.png
Licensing and Business models (collecting societies; meta data; exchanges/hubs; windowing; crossborder availability)
Fair remuneration (levies; copyright contracts)
Enforcement (quantifying infringement; criminal sanctions; intermediary liability; graduated response; litigation and court data; commercial/non-commercial distinction; education and awareness)
Green-tick.png

Datasets