Danna, Martinelli and Nuvolari (2021)
|Danna, Martinelli and Nuvolari (2021)|
|Title:||Interim report on negative space of EU creative industries|
|Author(s):||Danna, R., Martinelli, A., Nuvolari, A.|
|Citation:||Danna, R.; Martinelli, A. and Nuvolari, A. (2021) D4.6. Interim report on negative space of EU creative industries <https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.5069616> (Zenodo 5 July 2021) last accessed 7 December 2021|
|Key Related Studies:|
|About the Data|
|Data Description:||The study consists of a literature review of empirical research relating to negative space IP industries. The study offers an analysis of this systematised literature review in the form of a codified alternative taxonomy.|
|Data Type:||Secondary data|
|Secondary Data Sources:|
|Data Collection Methods:|
|Data Analysis Methods:|
|Cross Country Study?:||No|
|Government or policy study?:||Yes|
|Time Period(s) of Collection:|
“The project reCreating Europe examines stakeholders’ perspectives on European copyright regulatory framework to promote a creative, diverse, and accessible Europe. Work Package (WP) 4 – Creative industries focuses the interplay between copyright regulation and creative industries incentive structures and business models.
In particular, Task 4.2 – New business models in the European creative industries includes three subtasks aiming at: (i) studying business models of small and micro creative firms(Subtask 4.2.1), (ii) providing detailed case studies of negative IP spaces in European creative industries (Subtask 4.2.2), and (iii) investigating the effect of creative hubs on gentrification (Subtask 4.2.3). This interim report presents the progresses of Subtask 4.2.2.
Studies on the so-called ‘negative Intellectual Property (IP) spaces’ have steadily grown in recent years. The existing literature has mainly focussed on gathering multifaceted empirical evidence on the field, and the few theoretical approaches to the field provide a plurality of definitions of negative IP. In order to navigate systematically this rich but heterogeneous literature, this report provides:
1) a genealogy of the concept of ‘negative IP space’ taking into consideration contextual debates in a number of other scholarly fields; 2) an assessment of the definitions of negative IP provided so far; 3) a systematic literature review; 4) on the basis of this discussion, the report puts forward a possible new taxonomy of negative IP spaces based on a structural analysis of the creative and innovative sectors investigated in the literature. A few final remarks conclude the discussion.
As of M18 of the project, the researchers involved in the subtask have completed the whole preparatory work before the case studies. This interim report presents a taxonomy which will provide a yardstick for the identification and research design of the case studies which will be developed in months 18-36 of Subtask 4.6.2., leading to D.4.7.
The deliverable is under acceptance by the European Commission.”
Main Results of the Study
The study proposes an alternative taxonomy of negative IP space industries:
• ‘Social-norms based systems’ (e.g., haute-cuisine chefs, stand-up comedians, tattoos, street art) where strong social norms act as a replacement to a traditional copyright system.
• ‘ Commons-based systems’ (e.g., collective invention, open science, sports, free innovators, open source) where copyright protection may technically be possible, but is rejected in favour of institutionalised communities.
• ‘Knockoff systems’ (e.g., adult entertainment and fashion) where copying is extremely easy, but this is integrated within the business model of the industry, rather than relying on informal social norms.
Policy Implications as Stated By Author
The study does not make any explicit policy recommendations.
Coverage of Study