Denoyelle et al (2018)
|Denoyelle et al (2018)|
|Title:||Image rights, art history and society|
|Author(s):||Denoyelle, M., Durand, K., Daniel, J., Doulkaridou-Ramantani, E.|
|Citation:||Denoyelle, M., Durand, K., Daniel, J. and Doulkaridou-Ramantani, E. (2018) Image rights, art history and society. Report presented to the Foundation de France <https://www.inha.fr/fr/recherche/le-departement-des-etudes-et-de-la-recherche/domaines-de-recherche/programmes-en-cours/images-usages.html> (accessed 7 January 2022)|
|Key Related Studies:|
|About the Data|
|Data Description:||Data were obtained from an online survey, totalling 240 complete responses, and interviews with academics and students (undisclosed number) who use fine art images in their work.|
|Data Type:||Primary data|
|Secondary Data Sources:|
|Data Collection Methods:|
|Data Analysis Methods:|
|Cross Country Study?:||No|
|Government or policy study?:||No|
|Time Period(s) of Collection:|
“A report on the systems regulating the circulation of images of works of art and their impact on scholarship, teaching and the visibility of French public collections.”
Main Results of the Study
• Access to digital surrogates of works of art is not equal. The study finds that experienced academics and professionals can more readily navigate permissions and access digital surrogates than early career scholars. Similarly, those working with e.g. public domain images can more readily make them available than works still in copyright, possibly creating a bias in what is being represented in scholarly research. Resultingly, 82% of academics surveyed had to alter their work because they were unable to illustrate their statements with reference to the appropriate image.
• GLAM workers find the legal framework regarding image reproductions unclear, opaque, and time and labour intensive. The study suggests a correlation between this restrictive legal framework, and the absence of French publications in the international art history market.
Policy Implications as Stated By Author
• Include a new copyright exception to permit the use of fine art images for scholarly teaching and research.
• Create a new policy on copyright claims over public domain works.
• Agree a clearer definition of ‘non-commercial use’.
Coverage of Study