Heimstädt, Saunderson and Heath (2014)
|Heimstädt, Saunderson and Heath (2014)|
|Title:||Conceptualizing Open Data Ecosystems: A timeline of Open Data development in the UK|
|Author(s):||Heimstädt, M., Saunderson, F., Heath, T.|
|Citation:||Heimstädt, M., Saunderson, F. and Heath, T. (2014) Conceptualizing Open Data ecosystems: A timeline analysis of Open Data developmentin the UK, Diskussionsbeiträge, No. 2014/12, Freie Universität Berlin, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaft, Berlin|
|Key Related Studies:|
|About the Data|
|Data Description:||The study uses a combination of interviews with discourse analysis, undertaken during the summer of 2013, in order to capture the current state of the art for open data ecosystems in the UK.|
|Data Type:||Primary data|
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|Data Collection Methods:|
|Data Analysis Methods:|
|Cross Country Study?:||No|
|Government or policy study?:||No|
|Time Period(s) of Collection:||
“In this paper, we conceptualize Open Data ecosystems by analysing the major stakeholders in the UK. The conceptualization is based on a review of popular Open Data definitions and business ecosystem theories, which we applied to empirical data using a timeline analysis. Our work is informed by a combination of discourse analysis and in-depth interviews, undertaken during the summer of 2013. Drawing on the UK as a best practice example, we identify a set of structural business ecosystem properties: circular flow of resources, sustainability, demand that encourages supply, and dependence developing between suppliers, intermediaries, and users. However, significant gaps and shortcomings are found to remain. Most prominently, demand is not yet fully encouraging supply and actors have yet to experience fully mutual interdependence.”
Main Results of the Study
The study creates a timeline of open government data in the UK:
• 1998 - 2009 ‘Incubation phase’ - the study indicates that the beginning of the open data ecosystem in the UK correlates with the publishing of the Cabinet Office green paper on ‘Crown Copyright in the Information Age’.
• 2009 onwards ‘Rapid growth phase’ - 2009 represents a ‘major turning point’ in the development of open government data both in the UK and US. Several meaningful policies, including the release of the Open Data Portal and Open Government License occurred after this period.
Policy Implications as Stated By Author
Whilst the study does not make any explicit policy recommendations, it does suggest that Open Data initiatives should be assessed by four ecosystem criteria, being: (1) cyclical, (2) sustainable, (3) demand-driven environments where argents are (4) mutually interdependent in the delivery of value.
Coverage of Study