Limayem, Khalifa and Chin (2004)
|Limayem, Khalifa and Chin (2004)|
|Title:||Factors Motivating Software Piracy: A Longitudinal Study|
|Author(s):||Limayem, M., Khalifa, M., Chin, W. W.|
|Citation:||Limayem, M., Khalifa, M. and Chin, W. W. 2004. Factors Motivating Software Piracy: A Longitudinal Study. Ieee Transactions on Engineering Management, 51, 414-425.|
|Key Related Studies:|
|Linked by:||Higgins (2007), Konstantakis, Palaigeorgiou, Siozos and Tsoukalas (2010), Phau and Liang (2012)|
|About the Data|
|Data Description:||2 separate surveys, 4 months apart, to the same 127 students doing a Bachelor of Business in a Canadian University. The response rate was slightly over 77% with 98 returned questionnaires.|
|Data Type:||Primary data|
|Secondary Data Sources:|
|Data Collection Methods:|
|Data Analysis Methods:|
|Cross Country Study?:||No|
|Government or policy study?:||No|
|Time Period(s) of Collection:||
The objective of this paper is to gain a better understanding of factors influencing software piracy. A model explaining the contribution of different factors to software piracy intention and its subsequent effect on actual software piracy is constructed based on established theories of human behavior. The model is then tested empirically in a longitudinal study with a survey. Findings show that social factors and beliefs concerning consequences of software piracy have significant effects on software piracy intentions. The data also show that while habits and facilitating conditions were significantly related to actual piracy behavior, intentions did not necessarily lead to the actual act of software piracy. The implications of the findings to research and practice are discussed.
Main Results of the Study
The paper explores 7 hypothesis: There is a positive relationship between...
- Social factors and intentions to pirate software.
- Perceived consequences and intentions to pirate software.
- Habit and software piracy behavior.
- Habit and affect for the intentions to pirate software.
- Individuals’ affect toward software piracy and their intentions to pirate software.
- Facilitating conditions and software piracy behavior.
- An individual’s intention to pirate software and the actual act of piracy.
- Social factors were found to significantly influence intentions to pirate software.
- Beliefs of consequences of software piracy were found to significantly influence intentions.
- Habits were also found to affect actual behavior and reinforce attitudes.
- Hypothesis number 5 was found to be insignificant.
- Facilitating conditions (i.e., inappropriate anti-piracy measures, availability of help to pirate, and access to software that can be pirated) were found to significantly affect the actual software piracy behavior.
- Intentions did not lead to the actual act of pirating software.
Policy Implications as Stated By Author
- The code of ethics or anti-piracy policy should be developed and widely circulated. Advertisements, brochures, and promotions about anti-piracy also help to create such an environment. Anti-piracy policies should specify that copying software from a friend or a family member is illegal
Coverage of Study
|Level of aggregation:||University students|
|Period of material under study:||Not stated|